Limits for Multi-API Products

This article delves into the calculation of cleaning limits for products containing multiple Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (APIs), an essential component of Cleaning Validation processes. Professionals in the field are expected to be familiar with the concepts of Cleaning Limits; for a foundational understanding, refer to "A Discourse on Residue Limits".

Getting Started

When dealing with pharmaceutical products, particularly those with multiple APIs, understanding their individual and combined impacts is crucial. Consider two hypothetical products for illustration:

  • Product A: A multi-API tablet containing two APIs, a1 (300 mg, PDE 5 mg, Max DD 900 mg) and a2 (250 mg, PDE 10 mg, Max DD 500 mg), with a total weight of 750 mg.
  • Product B: A single-API tablet containing API b (500 mg, PDE 1 mg, Max DD 1000 mg), with a total weight of 650 mg.

Through this framework, we can discuss the concept of "Worst Case APIs" and proceed to elaborate on specific case studies.

Case Studies for Multi-API Products

Case 1: Multi-API is Previous Product

In scenarios where Product A (multi-API) precedes Product B (single-API) in manufacturing, we must address the potential carryover of APIs a1 and a2 into Product B. The Acceptable Residue Levels (ARL) for each API in Product A towards Product B are calculated using the formula:

​Here, LDDB represents the Largest Daily Dose of Product B, calculated based on its maximum daily dose and tablet weight. Employing this formula yields ARL values for a1 and a2, guiding the establishment of validation protocols.

Case 2: Multi-API is Subsequent Product

Conversely, if Product B is manufactured before Product A, we explore the carryover of API b into Product A. This situation requires a different approach due to the presence of multiple APIs in Product A. By comparing the Largest Daily Doses (LDD) calculated for each API individually, we determine the most restrictive limit to ensure safety.

Validation Protocols and Limit Calculations

Two main approaches emerge from our case studies:

  • Dual API Analysis: Sample and test both APIs from Product A, employing their individual limits in the validation protocol.
  • Worst API Concept: Focus solely on the API deemed 'worst' based on predetermined criteria (e.g., solubility, toxicity), streamlining the validation process while ensuring safety.

Through detailed examples provided in the discussion, professionals can apply these methodologies to their specific contexts, ensuring comprehensive and compliant cleaning validation.

Download Checklist

Connect with a Leucine expert and become a facility of future

Book a demo with us now
Schedule demo

Leucine's AI based solutions for

cleaning Validation.

Learn More

Heading 1

Heading 2

Heading 3

Heading 4

Heading 5
Heading 6

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur.

Block quote

Ordered list

  1. Item 1
  2. Item 2
  3. Item 3

Unordered list

Text link

Bold text